Surgical Management of Pediatric Urolithiasis: Descriptive Study from a Tertiary Care Center in Nepal

Authors

  • Bipin Guragain Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1780-7591
  • Anjit Phuyal Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Milan Gyawali Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Durga Pandit Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Purushottam Parajuli Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Manish M Pradhan Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sujeet Poudyal Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Suman Chapagain Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bhojraj Luitel Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pawan R Chalise Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Uttam K Sharma Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Prem R Gyawali Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Keywords:

Minimally invasive surgery, Pediatric, Urolithiasis

Abstract

Introduction
Urolithiasis is common in the pediatric population in low-resource countries but appropriate management is not available in all parts of the country. This study aimed to identify demographic parameters, clinical characteristics, and surgical management of pediatric urolithiasis in a tertiary care center in Nepal.  

Methods
This is a retrospective and descriptive study of pediatric patients (≤18 years) who underwent surgical management of urolithiasis in the Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital from January 2021 to December 2022.

Results
Total 64 patients with Male: Female= 1.78:1 and a mean age of 8.63±5.56 years presented mostly with pain abdomen (93.8%) followed by lower urinary tract symptoms (26.6%), hematuria (20.3%), and fever (14.1%). The mean number of calculi was 2.2 ± 1.47 and the mean size was 13.97±8.30mm. Most of the calculi (39.1%) were in the right system and 90.62% were in the upper tract. Only 15.62% of patients had calculi in the lower tract. Open surgeries were performed in only 10.93% and the rest were managed by minimally invasive procedures. Percutaneous nephrostomy tube insertion was done in 6 (9.37%) of patients and 1 (1.56%) underwent nephrectomy for nonfunctioning kidney.

Conclusion
Pediatric urolithiasis patients presented with pain abdomen, lower urinary tract symptoms, or hematuria. Surgical management has shifted from open surgeries in the past to minimally invasive surgeries at present.

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Published

2023-04-30

How to Cite

Guragain, B., Phuyal, A., Gyawali, M., Pandit, D., Parajuli, P. ., Pradhan, M. M., Poudyal, S. ., Chapagain, S., Luitel, B. ., Chalise, P. R., Sharma, U. K., & Gyawali, P. R. (2023). Surgical Management of Pediatric Urolithiasis: Descriptive Study from a Tertiary Care Center in Nepal. Journal of Institute of Medicine Nepal, 45(1), 55–60. Retrieved from https://jiomnepal.com.np/index.php/jiomnepal/article/view/252

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